Ibrahim Kalin takes up some of these same questions in a piece he authored last week on conviviencia in Muslim Spain. From Kalin:
In a world of diminishing certainties and increasing chaos, we need a “presiding idea,” a central value system around which the world’s misplaced resources can be mobilized to inculcate understanding, tolerance and humility. The most difficult challenge of our age is to hold on to one’s own belief system while respecting the right of others to have different views. Put simply, it is the challenge of pluralism without giving up on truth. Sacrificing the truth in the name of pluralism creates a sense of loss which in turn leads to more reactionary positions. Furthermore, it invites moral relativism. Defending one’s truth to the exclusion of others lands us in oppression and violence. It creates epistemic hegemony, which easily turns into violent extremism.I am not sure if "truth" is the correct operative word here, but indeed, eschewing relativism while recognizing a fluidity of identities (for me, not just within a country, but within a culture and within oneself) is the perhaps the most important project of the twenty-first century. Turkey's future is key to its success.